Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support our teeth, specifically gum tissues and bone. When disease producing bacteria invade the gum tissues and are not properly removed, the breakdown of these tissues occurs and teeth are put at risk. As the disease progresses, bone breaks down, leading to tooth mobility. Early stages of periodontal disease can be managed in our office utilizing a non-surgical, less aggressive approach to periodontal therapy.
Non-surgical therapy involves careful removal of plaque and calculus from the root surfaces (scaling and root planning) to decrease inflammation and promote tissue reattachment. At times, non-surgical therapy requires the use of local anesthesia, application of fluorides, and placement of antibiotic medications underneath the gum tissues that present with deep pockets. This type of treatment may require multiple appointments in which quadrants of the mouth are treated one at a time.
Throughout the course of therapy, your periodontal health will be continually re-evaluated. Plaque control at home is a key component to the success of this therapy. In addition, adherence to a more frequent re-care interval helps to control disease. At times, additional treatment may be required that involves referral to a specialist to manage disease sites that do not respond to non-surgical therapy.